How Sony’s PS4 VR headset will bump 60 fps to 120 fps

PS4 VR 120 fps

Sony announced the new Project Morpheus prototype at GDC with vastly improved specs. One of the things that really stood out was that Project Morpheus will support a frame rate of 120 fps — far more than competing headsets from Oculus and HTC/Valve.

While both the HTC Vive and Oculus Rift have a frame rate of 90, Sony’s VR headset will push that number to 120 — and all games will always run at 120 fps. How does Sony do this? With a proven technology called reprojection.

What is reprojection?

How Sony's VR headset will bump 60 fps into 120 fps

One of the pitfalls of virtual reality headsets is judder and blur, which occurs when you move your head faster than the image can render the next frame. A common result of that is motion sickness.

Both Oculus and Valve think that 90 frames per second is enough to alleviate any sense of motion sickness, but Sony isn’t taking any chances — they’re pushing for a steady 120 fps at all times. And they’ll achieve this with reprojection and a very low latency (under 18ms).

See also: Project Morpheus vs HTC Vive vs Oculus Rift

Reprojection creates an additional frame between the first and second frame, this way, 60 fps becomes smoother 120 fps. In fact, Sony has confirmed that reprojection will always be on, even if the game runs at 120 fps natively. This is to ensure that it’s always 120 fps no matter what.

Sony’s Shuhei Yoshida said that reporjection won’t require too much from the system to run. As he puts it, “It runs right at the very end, just before the frame is going to be displayed. It interrupts the GPU and does this little bit of work.”

Does this mean the image won’t look as good?

Project Morpheus reprojectionSony’s reprojection software takes data from the first and second frame, and creates an average of the two, putting it in between. Since the images are moving so fast — 120 times per second — it’s hard to tell the difference. It would be more pronounced if reprojection was used to bump a 30 fps game to 60 fps.

Running at 120 fps natively instead of using reprojection would be preferred, but the current PS4 hardware won’t be up to the task unless image quality is sacrificed. The good news is that reprojection isn’t a novel technology.

In fact, reprojection has proven itself before and Sony has a lot of experience with it — they use a similar technology in their 3D movies with their Sony Pictures Studios.

Benefits of reprojection

Project Morpheus demo

The main benefit of reprojection is that developers don’t have to scale down on image quality in order to hunt higher frame rates. We already know that 60 fps and 1080p is pushing what the PS4 hardware can do.

Plenty of PS4 games are running at 60 fps at 1080p, and developers will now have an easier time to port those games to Project Morpheus without having to sacrifice too much.

Sony’s aim for 120 fps at all times sets a solid benchmark for virtual reality headsets. However, reprojection isn’t limited to the PlayStation 4 — the HTC Vive and Oculus Rift could add a similar feature with support from PC graphics makers AMD and Nvidia.

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  • CH3SH

    Hopefully we won’t be encroached with remasters when this headset lands

    • Obi Alfred

      What’s wrong with a VR Remaster of God of War?

      • CH3SH

        Why remaster, when they can just start with a fresh version using new hardware 😉

  • spideynut71

    Just like the PS3, eh Sony?

  • Yohan KillSwitch

    PlayStation remains at the top of the food chain and continues to devour the competition!

    • Eh, kids are buying it mainly for the graphics… that’s not a good sign when your competition that you are “Devouring” such as the Wii U and Xbox One that many people have said they like those consoles for the exclusive, but the Wii U was purchased by people for FUN… which the PS4 and even the Xbox One didn’t have on their list…

      So really, people are just buying the PS4 just to stare at the graphics… even though compared to the Xbox One, they aren’t much different, hell, Quantum Break looks on par if not BETTER than some of the PS4 exclusives released so far.

      Don’t be blind to your own ignorance, please… This is why PC Elitists like to target fanboys like you.

      • Here’s the chart for reference

      • Guest

        It’s hilarious when the hardware in the PS4 is as weak as a 5-7 year old PC. The people that buy a PoS4 for that are low IQ morons that fell for Sony’s lies and overhype.

        • Overhyped? Yes
          Horrible Console? I don’t think so.

          It’s a good console for sure but it is lacking in a lot of good exclusives recently with the new release of The Order 1886.

          I hope Bloodborne can help Sony out of this, they may have sold 20 Million so far but really, how do we know that a 1/4 of that is actually sold to consumers.

          • thedeciderU

            wouldn’t sony call console “shipped” if they were in retailer hands, while calling consoles “sold” if they are in consumer homes? maybe i’m wrong, but this is how i’ve understood it.

      • Yohan KillSwitch

        I don’t care anything about PC elitists or what anyone says. From what I see PS4 is dominating the competition and people can have their opinions and do their little studies but for me the games are better and I’m having a ball with it. Also regardless of anything the numbers show more people are into PlayStation than anything right now…No dancing around that…that is a simple fact.

        • Again, “dominating” is sales but overall it’s games are lacking.. PC has already dominated it for a while now but you don’t see me bragging about that.

          Again, PS4 is a good system, bit overrated and overhyped but it needs the games to show it’s more than just graphics, plus, it’s just showing how vain modern gamers are and they don’t care for good gameplay as well as good graphics.

          You’re being a part of the problem.

          • HappyBacon

            I would much rather lounge in my undies on the couch playing PS4 then end up with a broken back from leaning over my PCs keyboard for hours.

          • Actually, you do know you can get a powerful PC that is either pretty much the same size or smaller than the PS4 and plug it into your TV.

            You don’t have to have a tower case, could you please stop using that accuse, plus, you can plug in your Xbox One, PS4, Xbox 360, Wii U Pro Pad, Nvidia Shield Controller and many more into your PC whilst using Steam’s “Big Picture Mode” which will allow you to have that console like OS without having to uninstall anything.

            Not to mention the Steam Link which is only $50 which can stream your games from your PC to your TV down stairs at 60fps, 1080p.

            So really, PCs now a days are pretty much turning into consoles themselves WITH the ability to upgrade constantly.

          • HappyBacon

            Good luck to people that try to upgrade the small PCs, there is no point getting one if your going to have a gaming PC you need the big tower… Much more power. I myself have a gaming PC cost me about £1,200 a year ago only downside it is very expensive to upgrade I therefore am much happier with my PS4’s £350 price tag and knowing that I will never have to upgrade it to play the games and I don’t have to worry “oh will my pc run it well”

          • Patrick Francis

            Depends how you think of it.
            Buy a PC for $1,200 – Get hundreds of games on Steam or humble bundle for insanely cheap prices.
            Buy a PS4 – Have 50 games to choose from (if that) and they on average cost around $40 each.

            I own both. But only because I thought Destiny would be interesting (nope)

          • He can’t accept logic mate.

            I wouldn’t bother to be honest.

          • Wow… using the whole “£1.200” argument when you can build a simple gaming PC for under £350 or hell, buying a second hand laptop.

            Someone needs to go back to school I think 😉

            How do you like your eggs, on your face?

          • HappyBacon

            You want to be the so called master race with a £350 PC lol you’d struggle running minecraft smoothly, Getting a second hand laptop without it full of the previous owners porn collection and viruses would be interesting too. My point is there is no point in getting a gaming PC cheap that won’t be able to run the games within 2 years.

          • Jenna Love

            Ummmm my brother has a 250 pound/500 dollar pc and he runs skyrim at max settings…. i have a 450 pound 1000 dollar pc and i run gta 5 very high settings

          • Leeboyopm

            Same ive spent probably nearly 3k on every thing, tower, 4k monitor, desk, it all adds up, i love the best since turning my life around and becoming a block paver i can afford it, but still find myself on my £350 ps4 playing call of duty with my pals getting wrecked, witch is what online gamings about to me,

          • Yohan KillSwitch

            And you say that like you know that all the owners of a PS4 bought it for just better graphics. There are many reasons why we have a PS4 including the fact that the majority of us are really enjoying the games that have been delivered thus far. Have the games been critically acclaimed? No but most of them are really fantastic. Like I said PS4 is on top for a number of reasons and there’s no disputing that.

          • HappyBacon

            Its obvious that PC has the better graphics but as soon as you start buying games on a certain platform just for the graphics instead of what’s more enjoyable to you as the gamer then you are wrong, that is logic.

          • Rinslowe

            I’d say sales is the only tangible metric that applies. All other opinions on the matter is purely subjective…

      • Yohan KillSwitch

        And the number one reason why people buy an Xbox One is because of brand loyalty. Sounds like a bunch of mindless sheep to me. And as far as why Nintendo fans buy Wii U…the only thing that impresses me about Nintendo fans is that they can play Mario and Zelda games over and over again lol.

        • Don’t really see the sense in typing this out again so here it is:

          Actually, you do know you can get a powerful PC that is either pretty much the same size or smaller than the PS4 and plug it into your TV.

          You don’t have to have a tower case, could you please stop using that accuse, plus, you can plug in your Xbox One, PS4, Xbox 360, Wii U Pro Pad, Nvidia Shield Controller and many more into your PC whilst using Steam’s “Big Picture Mode” which will allow you to have that console like OS without having to uninstall anything.

          Not to mention the Steam Link which is only $50 which can stream your games from your PC to your TV down stairs at 60fps, 1080p.

          So really, PCs now a days are pretty much turning into consoles themselves WITH the ability to upgrade constantly.

          • HappyBacon

            Which you’d have to do if you want to keep playing pc games in good res and FPS you forgot to add

        • Gary Richardson

          You say that’s like they continually put out the same game with no improvements or new gameplay.

      • Leeboyopm

        Blind to your own ignorance then you say this is why pc elitist like to target fanboys like you lol, dick head much, is that quantum break that runs in 900p, im sure if it was on ps4 it would look like that in 1080p or 900p 60fps, im 30 all my pals got ps4 only reason i got consoles because pals thinks im stupid spending so much on rig, any way they all over 28 not kids looking for pretty graphics, and i got a rig that might or might not be better than yours and still like my ps4, i can still live with 1080p,not 900p 720p, especially now im use to 1440p-4k, plus you sound like a kid that probably uses his dads pc,

    • Obi Alfred

      PC is actually.

      • Yohan KillSwitch

        PC is irrelevant.

        • Then what are you using to type that comment in?

          If a PC was irrelevant than the PlayStation and many consoles wouldn’t be around today.

          • Yohan KillSwitch

            I know I know. Don’t take things so literally Gamer. I say these things only to rustle a little feathers. All I said was that PlayStation is at the top of the food chain and that statement alone caused PC Gaming fans to lose their minds lol. I’m sorry if my opinion hurts but to me PlayStation has the absolute best to offer in gaming right now and they are producing the best in the business right now and that can’t be disputed.

    • Obi Alfred

      Idiot Sony pony

      • Guest

        $0N¥ paupers are truly freaking dumb. Yohan just proves it that he’s one of those shmucks that falls for overhype.

        • Yohan KillSwitch

          You seem salty “guest”. Don’t be mad at the facts…embrace them.

        • HappyBacon

          Guest comments are irrelevant.

      • Yohan KillSwitch

        Sorry but it’s true little sheep. Now bow down to the greatness on your way out the door clown.

  • tommy walsh

    As soon as ps4 can run at least 30% of it’s games @ 60fps they can bump it to 120fps!!! lol

    Unless they will bump it to 60 then 120??

    • Zac Lee Martin

      You should actually read the articles. It has a lot of 60fps games, some were limited to 30fps because of another platform, and this doeesnt have a performance hit. It’s a. Old technique that slides an image between two frames that is an average of the frame in front and behind. It could be an issue at 30fps, but at a high 60 or above the frames will all be clean and clear.

    • Zac Lee Martin

      You should actually read the articles. It has a lot of 60fps games, some were limited to 30fps because of another platform, and this doeesnt have a performance hit. It’s a. Old technique that slides an image between two frames that is an average of the frame in front and behind. It could be an issue at 30fps, but at a high 60 or above the frames will all be clean and clear. They already clarified. This is about the experience. Not pushing graphical boundaries. Also, remember KillZone and Motorstorm running just as good and looking even better in their sequels that still did 3D on top of all the other improvements without a hit in performance. Optimization is amazing.

  • Well you’re using much smaller screens with a slightly lower res which is helped by the OLED screens in the VR Headset itself s no wonder why it can do frame rates like that.

  • Guest

    Wow, frame interpolation, such new technology. NOOOT!

    • Meanwhile I’ll just play on my PC, Wii U and Xbox One in the meantime.

      Waiting on dat greatness ;D

      • Leeboyopm

        I got all 3, xbox hasnt been touched much in 7 or 8 months, pc and ps4 where its at, any way what greatness has reached xbox one, and tbh pc aswell lately,

  • Yohan KillSwitch

    I find it funny that people come to a publication called PS4 DAILY to complain about PlayStation. Why don’t you guys go to Xbox One or PC Daily or whatever mediocre dwelling that you guys normally congregate at? Oh yeah that’s right you have nothing or interesting going on with your preferred platforms.

    • Gotta love how you PlayStation fan girls get all pissy when someone has an opinion on something.

      • Yohan KillSwitch

        Gotta love how the PC over compensating for something race is irrelevant right now and jealous of the PS4’S massive success!

        • Not really, seeing how PC sales have been going on since 1960’s on wards.

          Whilst the PS4 is only been released of a year and Half now… just saying.

          • Yohan KillSwitch

            True that’s why I said right now. The PS4 is shining right now and on top right now. Don’t hate just appreciate…that’s all you gotta do right now. Sit back, be impressed, and give that slow hand clap.

          • Cletus Van Damme

            On top of what? The Xbox One and Wii U? It can’t even compete with PC, stop lying to yourself. The PC is leagues ahead of any console.

          • Heimdal

            What’s up with this guy. PC games revenue has surpassed that of consoles and the gap is only rising , but keep talking trash like a kid 🙂 Again. Not the one hating, just correcting with facts.

          • Oliver

            I don’t understand how you think ps4 is on top right now. AMD and Nvidia are launching new cards and have already launched a couple. These cards are what make oculus and vive be capable of running games in 90 frames natively. That’s 30 more than what project morpheus is running natively and it’s with a significantly faster response time.

          • joebob

            IBM 80286 PC – 1984… how the hell were people playing PC’s in the 60’s???

      • ReDeYeZ

        Gamermania, dude you wonder why people talk so much shit to you, all you do in every post is talk smack about Sony and the PS4 yet…YOU DONT EVEN OWN ONE!!! lol own one dude, then you can make logical statements.

        • I can’t make logical statements on a console I previously owned?

          Wow, your logic is SOOOO flawless.

        • Rinslowe

          This is a common occurrence of every gaming site in existence.

        • SuperkoopaTrooper

          Posted this above but it applies…. I think they are complaining because the tech they are using for frame doubling is just bad. Its hardly used in gaming because it adds latancy for a controller, never mind vr. That’s why we still have games in 30fps, if this was as good as they are saying it is then we have no reason to have 30fps games on consoles because we can just frame double or interpolate. Its a lie and its marketing. 18ms added onto the latancy of everything else is going to give people a bad experience and then it will dirty the well so people will just assume vr is bad. My PC monitor has a latancy of 1ms, oculist and vive I promos has latency under 5ms and its for a reason. Just like those 120, 144, 240hz TV’s. They don’t actually run videos at that refresh rate but just double or triple the framerate and it looks like garbage compared to the real thing and that’s just video. When you try and play a game on those TV’s its impossible and you need to enable gaming mode to turn that feature off. You can have all the opinions you want but this is factual and science.

    • OptionalLemon

      Maybe they bought a PS4 and aren’t actually all that impressed with it, like myself? People can buy stuff and not blindly defend that purchase afterwards…you know, opinions? Twat.

      • You’re late dummy

        • OptionalLemon

          Clearly not.

    • OptionalLemon

      You keep talking about not being a fanboy of one platform and you are the exact same thing constantly. Wake up mate. Really, no offence.

      • A fanboy is someone who is blind and doesn’t except facts. A fanboy hates another platform for reason. I my friend actually like Xbox and only played Xbox last gen cause I love Gears and Halo. I prefer PlayStation this gen because they have more of the type of games I like so far and Xbox hasn’t shown me nothing yet. So yeah I just dwell in reality….mate.

        • OptionalLemon

          Sure and that’s fine, but why not just enjoy your current platform without having to convince others that you’ve made the superior choice as soon as anything negative gets said about it? I mean how strange does someone have to be to even care on any level what anyone else thinks of something that you like for what are perfectly good reasons to you? You like your PS4, I have one too and I’m not too happy with it up to now. So what?

          • I only go off like that when provoked. But I have calmed down a little since then lol.

          • OptionalLemon

            Right, I’m all calmed down again as well. Enjoy the games man.

          • Same to you.

          • Sandy Wich

            You’ve done some growing up in those 5 months. Have a kid or something?

          • Lol just taking a slightly different approach to debating. A lot of my views still remain the same but trying to be a little more respectful. Check out my You Tube channel @ Nickodemus X for insight, gameplay, and commentary.

      • And why are you commenting so late? This discussion happened 6 months ago. I forgot all about this and this site.

        • OptionalLemon

          6 Months is a bit late, I didn’t check obviously. Does that mean that the things you write loose their validity after a number of Months though? If since then you don’t talk down to Xbox or PC users anymore and are a normal gamer, then I apologise profusely of course.

    • Cletus Van Damme

      Mediocre? *looks at list of PS4 games resolution and frame rates, laughs heartily*

    • Heimdal

      Hahah what? I’m not here to hate but the PC have more intresting going on within the same area even giving that Occulus VR is coming out soon along with the vive. Both earlier then this is.

    • SuperkoopaTrooper

      I think they are complaining because the tech they are using for frame doubling is just bad. Its hardly used in gaming because it adds latancy for a controller, never mind vr. That’s why we still have games in 30fps, if this was as good as they are saying it is then we have no reason to have 30fps games on consoles because we can just frame double or interpolate. Its a lie and its marketing. 18ms added onto the latancy of everything else is going to give people a bad experience and then it will dirty the well so people will just assume vr is bad. My PC monitor has a latancy of 1ms, oculist and vive I promos has latency under 5ms and its for a reason. Just like those 120, 144, 240hz TV’s. They don’t actually run videos at that refresh rate but just double or triple the framerate and it looks like garbage compared to the real thing and that’s just video. When you try and play a game on those TV’s its impossible and you need to enable gaming mode to turn that feature off. You can have all the opinions you want but this is factual and science.

  • kin17

    no its called motionflow, something sony has used on their TV’s for years

    • C4

      But it’s not close to lagless since it also has to deal with 30/24 fps content which means at least 30-40ms lag. The Morpheus implementation directly hooks onto every 16 ms frame.

      • kin17

        not saying I don’t believe you, but I myself would like to learn more on our discussion. can you provide information to where you learned this from. I like to be a big wig around my friends lol j/k

        • Mike

          Holy crap it’s hilarious to go back and read comments that are old as hell. People had no clue what they were talking about

  • kontis

    Do some research before you try to analyse technical topics.

    Simulator sickness won’t be fixed even with 1000000 FPS. It’s caused mostly by differences between visual motion perceived by eyes (vection) and vestibular system (inner ear). Fake camera rotation made with a controller (instead of your body/head) is the worst.

    Also: ALL those headsets cause vergence-accommodation conflict.

  • bizzy gie

    I get my VR headset tomorrow! I can’t wait!

  • Rinslowe

    If it provides a platform free of the potential for motion sickness. Then job well done. VR is still a novel idea and until VR hits the living room openly through say holographic displays etc. then it will likely remain that way. At least in truth it does nothing for local play and is somewhat anti-social by definition, but very cool nonetheless. If you get what I’m getting at. I’m sold. But it’s hardly a game changer at this point.

  • David Eijsvogel

    Here is the new project morpheus preview by playstation https://youtu.be/0USSvBSCcc8

  • Liam Beale

    As an owner of a high spec PC with the DK2, Xbox One and a PS4 im quite keen too see this but as many are saying the ps4 struggles at 1080p 60fps so i cant imagine its going to compare to the likes of htc vive etc but it sounds much better than microsofts AR idea. My honest belief is it will all help push forward and inspire the future if VR which can only be a good thing as someone whos experienced quite a lot of it…it has huge potential but has a long way to go !
    On another note. There is no fanboyism like sony fanboyism is there lol ?? always telling you (but really themselves) its the best thing out. Get a GRIP !! The xbox one has much better features its better and the best games available at this moment in time make the xb1 the better choice. The difference in graphics is laughable.

    I am fortunate to have all 3 devices and have to say like around 12 of my mates who own ps4 it barely gets a look in. I use my xb1 for most games such as online like gta, bf4, fc4 etc and my pc for sp games and nice graphics.the only reason ive had my ps4 used more than a couple of hours was to play the last of us and thats a recycled ps3 game.

  • Lamanuwa

    Clever, and really nice way to take advantage of being on a fixed hardware platform.

  • Hello

    He xbone and ps4 are both consoles with predetermined parts and so they are in competition whereas the PC can be anything with any part from any company just mashed together (almost) the PC isn’t in the same category as a fucking ps4 so fuck off, have a good day : – D

  • SiliconNooB

    What planet is PS4 Daily living on? The PS4 struggles to run games consistently at 30fps!

  • 49ers fan

    GARBAGE!!!1